Travel Time Index (TTI), defined as the ratio of actual travel time to free-flow travel time, measures the intensity of congestion. The higher the index, the more congested traffic conditions it represents, e.g., TTI = 1.00 means free flow conditions, while TTI = 1.30 indicates the actual travel time is 30% longer than the free-flow travel time.
Planning Time Index (PTI), defined as the ratio of 95th percentile travel time to free flow travel time, measures travel time reliability. The higher the index, the less reliable traffic conditions it represents, e.g., PTI = 1.30 means a traveler has to budget 30% longer than the uncongested travel time to arrive on time 95% of the times (i.e., 19 out of 20 trips), while TTI = 1.60 indicates that one has to budget 60% longer than the uncongested travel time to arrive on time most of the times.
Inspired by various agency and jurisdictional dashboard efforts around the country (e.g., the Virginia Department of Transportation Dashboard), driven by the MAP-21 legislation and the emerging probe-based traffic speed data from the I-95 Corridor Coalition Vehicle Probe Project, this quarterly updated National Capital Region Congestion Report takes advantage of the availability of rich data and analytical tools to produce customized, easy-to-communicate, and quarterly updated traffic congestion and travel time reliability performance measures for the Transportation Planning Board (TPB) Planning Area. The goal of this effort is to summarize the region's congestion and the programs of the TPB and its member jurisdictions that would have an impact on congestion, to examine reliability and non-recurring congestion for recent incidents/occurrences, in association with relevant congestion management strategies, and to prepare for the MAP-21 performance reporting. For more information and technical details, please see the full report.