The region's large population and vibrant economy are supported and supplied by several warehouse and distribution centers where goods are stockpiled until needed at their final destination. These goods may have traveled by rail, air, or water before reaching the local warehouse or distribution center for final delivery.
Maryland is home to a large warehouse cluster at Jessup/Elkridge/Savage Center just north of the region. This cluster includes the Maryland Food Center Authority (MFCA) campus of food related warehouses. The MFCA is made up of numerous warehouses leased out to food vendors. The warehouse and distribution centers lessees prepare and package food for delivery to stores such as Giant and Safeway. For example, salmon flown in from Norway is filleted and packaged for sale at local food chains.
The MFCA is a quasi-state operation. It was created by an act of Maryland legislature in 1967. Its Jessup location was intentionally chosen as a central Mid-Atlantic spot for food distribution to the region. Its market share spans beyond the Baltimore-Washington region as far south as Richmond, Virginia and north as Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Additionally, freight clusters of warehouse and distribution centers are located at Beltsville/Laurel and Upper Marlboro.
The New York Avenue corridor in the District of Columbia is another warehouse and distribution center cluster. New York Avenue is the main highway freight route into and out of the District. Goods are typically transported by large trucks to transfer facilities in the vicinity of New York Avenue, where they are loaded onto smaller trucks, box trucks, and step vans, and prepared for distribution to the District's local businesses. For example, FedEx Express is located along New York Avenue. Additionally, the Washington Times newspaper headquarters and printing facility and the Restaurant Equipment and Supplies Depot Corporation are located at the Maryland/DC border on New York Avenue.
In Virginia, several warehouse and distribution centers have grown around Dulles Airport and Manassas. For example, the cargo facilities at Dulles include UPS, United States Parcel Service, and FedEx.
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